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Foundation Phase

Pupils from Nursery to Year 2 follow the Foundation Phase curriculum.  It combines what we used to call Early Years Education (for 3 to 5 year olds) and Key Stage 1 (5 to 7 year olds) of the Naional Curriculum.


The Foundation Phase is based on the principle that early years' provision should offer a sound foundation for future learning through a developmentally appropriate curriculum.  It places great emphasis on children learning by doing.  Young children are given opportunities to gain first hand experiences through play and active involvement rather than by completing exercises in books.  They are given time to develop their speaking and listening skills and to become confident in their reading and writing abilities.

Mathematics is practical so that children can see how problems are solved and how important mathematics is in their everyday lives.  There is an emphasis on children underst\nding how things work and on finding different ways to solve problems.


The curriculum focuses on experimental learning,

active involvement and developing each child's:

  • Skills and understanding
  • Personal, social, emotional, physical and intellectual wellbeing so as to develop the whole child
  • Positive attitudes to learning so that they enjoy it and want to continue
  • Self-esteem and self-confidence to experiment, investigate, learn new things and form new relationships
  • Creative, expressive and observational skills to encourage their development as individuals with different ways of responding to experiences.
  • Activities in the outdoors where they have first-hand experience of solving real-life problems and learn about conservation and sustainability.


This framework sets out the curriculum and outcomes under seven Areas of Learning. For each Area of Learning, the educational programme sets out what children should be taught and the outcomes set out expected standards of children’s performance.


Key stage 2

Pupils from Year 3 to Year 6 (what we often still refer to as 'The Juniors')

follow the National Curriculum for Key Stage 2. This is a framework used by all maintained schools to ensure that teaching and learning is balanced and consistent.

The purpose of the National Curriculum is to identify the skills for each subject and the range of contexts, opportunities and activities through which these skills should be developed and applied. The content has also been updated to ensure relevance to the twenty-first century and manageability for learners and teachers.

The curriculum aims to:
• focus on the learner
• ensure that appropriate skills development is woven throughout  the curriculum
• focus on continuity and progression
• offer educed subject content with an increased focus on skills
• be flexible
• be relevant to the twenty-first century
• support Government policy including bilingualism, Curriculum Cymreig/Wales, Europe and the World(WEW), equal opportunities, food and fitness, education for sustainable development and global citizenship, and the world of work and entrepreneurship.

Within the framework of the National Curriculum, schools are free to plan and organise teaching and learning in the way that best meets the needs of their pupils.